Review of the natC(n,g) cross section and criticality calculations of the graphite moderated reactor BR1

Carlos Javier Diez, Alexey Stankovskiy, Edouard Malambu Mbala, Gasper Zerovnik, Peter Schillebeeckx, Gert Van den Eynde, Jan Heyse, Oscar Cabellos, Jan Wagemans

Research outputpeer-review


A review of the experimental data for natC(n,g) and 12C(n,g) was made to identify the origin of the natC capture cross sections included in evaluated data libraries and to clarify differences observed in neutronic calculations for graphite moderated reactors using different libraries. The performance of the JEFF-3.1.2 and ENDF/B-VII.1 libraries was verified by comparing results of criticality calculations with experimental results obtained for the BR1 reactor. This reactor is an air-cooled reactor with graphite as moderator and is located at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCKCEN in Mol (Belgium). The esults of this study confirm conclusions drawn from neutronic calculations of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) in Japan. Furthermore, both BR1 and HTTR calculations support the capture cross section of 12C at thermal energy which is recommended by Firestone and Révay. Additional criticality calculations were carried out in order to illustrate that the natC thermal capture cross section is important for systems with a large amount of graphite. The present study shows that only the evaluation carried out for JENDL-4.0 reflects the current status of the experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-217
JournalAnnals of nuclear energy
StatePublished - 4 Jun 2013

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