MYRRHA at SCK CEN in Mol/Belgium will be a pre‑industrial large-scale Accelerator Driven System for unparalleled research opportunities in spent nuclear fuel, nuclear medicine, and fundamental and applied physics. In 2018 the Belgian government released funding for MYRRHA’s first phase, MINERVA, for a staged implementation and operation. It covers the design, construction, and commissioning of the continuous‑wave superconducting RF proton linac up to 100 MeV, as well as dedicated user target stations. The MINERVA proton linac will accommodate 30 identical cryomodules to boost the beam energy delivered by the normal-conducting frontend from 16.6 MeV to 100 MeV. Each cryomodule will contain two superconducting RF single-spoke cavities immersed in a superfluid Helium bath at 2 K. The design and architecture of the associated cryogenic system is derived from the stringent linac reliability requirements imposed by the future subcritical nuclear reactor. We present the architecture, design, and development status of the MINERVA cryomodules and associated cryogenic system towards the implementation phase of the project as part of a collaboration between ACS, CEA/DSBT, IJCLab, and SCK CEN. We also provide an overview of the initial outcomes of cryogenic and RF tests for the prototype MINERVA cryomodule, which are still ongoing at IJCLab.