The relation between petrophysical and transport properties of the Boom Clay and Eigenbilzen Sands

Elke Jacops, Bart Rogiers, Lander Frederickx, Christophe Bruggeman, Rudy Swennen, Ralf Littke, Bernhard Krooss, Alexandra Amann-Hildenbrand, Christophe Bruggeman

Research outputpeer-review


Within the framework of safe disposal of high and intermediate level radioactive waste, it is well known that for both the Boom Clay and overlying Eigenbilzen Sands (early Oligocene; Rupelian), the composition varies with depth. Though, a detailed understanding of how these intrinsic variations may affect the basic transport properties is still missing. Therefore, a small but comprehensive and unique data set, containing transport parameters (hydraulic conductivity and diffusivity) and related properties (mineral composition and texture, grain size distribution, specific surface area and pore size distribution) of different samples of the Boom Clay and Eigenbilzen Sands has been gathered during recent years. First, the variability in transport parameters and petrophysical properties is discussed and mutual relationships are investigated. Second, the performance of predictive modelling is explored. The multivariate analysis clearly illustrates that the data are mainly explained by two main axes of variation. One corresponds to the logarithmic hydraulic conductivity (logK) and all petrophysical properties that are very strongly correlated to it. The second axis is independent of logK, and relates to the size of the diffusing molecules. Finally, predictive modelling seems promising at this point, but the limited quality of the currently available test cases prohibits being conclusive on the model performance and its generalisability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104527
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Geochemistry
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

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