The thermal shock response of tungsten as a plasma facing material (PFM) strongly depends on itsmechanical properties and consequently on its microstructure. In order to characterise this influence,deformed tungsten, both in its stress relieved and recrystallised condition, was exposed to 100 ELM likethermal shock events in the electron beam facility JUDITH 1. The induced thermal shock damages wereanalysed by scanning electron microscopy, optical microscopy and laser profilometry. Tensile tests atdifferent temperatures show that the mechanical properties such as fracture strength and strain dependon the grain orientation and microstructure. Transmission electron microscope images of the as receivedand the recrystallised material show that the defect density of the recrystallised samples is decreased.Threshold values such as damage and cracking threshold vary with microstructure by a factor of 2. Alsothe induced thermal shock damages and surface modifications are strongly depend on the microstruc-ture. Surface roughening due to plastic deformation is more pronounced in the recrystallised state andcrack parameters as well as crack propagation is influenced by grain orientation due to preferential crackformation along grain boundaries.