The microstructural evolution of atomised U-7 wt%Mo alloy fuel under irradiation was investigated by transmission electron microscopy on material from the experimental fuel plates used in the FUTURE irradiation. The interaction layer that forms between the U(Mo) particles and the A] matrix is assumed to become amorphous under irradiation and as such cannot retain the fission gas in stable bubbles. As a consequence, gas filled voids are generated between the interaction layer and the matrix, causing the fuel plate to pillow and finally fail. The present analysis confirms the assumption that the U(Mo)-Al interaction layer is completely amorphous after irradiation. The A] matrix and the individual U(Mo) particles, with their cellular substructure, have retained their crystallinity. It was furthermore observed that the fission gas generated in the U(Mo) particles has formed a bubble superlattice, which is coherent with the U(Mo) lattice. Bubbles of roughly 1-2 ran size have formed a 3-dimensional lattice with a lattice spacing of 6-7 nm.