Tritium desorption behavior and microstructure evolution of beryllium irradiated at low temperature up to high neutron dose in BR2 reactor

V Chakin, R Rolli, R Gaisin, W van Renterghem

Research outputpeer-review


The present study investigated the release of tritium from beryllium irradiated at 323 K to a neutron fluence of 4.67 × 1026 m−2 (E > 1 MeV), corresponding up to 22,000 appm helium and 2000 appm tritium productions. The TPD tests revealed a single tritium release peak during thermal desorption tests, irrespective of the heating mode employed. The tritium release peaks occurred at temperatures ranging from 1031–1136 K, depending on the heating mode, with a desorption energy of 1.6 eV. Additionally, the effective tritium diffusion coefficient was found to vary from 1.2 × 10−12 m2/s at 873 K to 1.8 × 10−10 m2/s at 1073 K. The evolution of beryllium microstructure was found to be dependent on the annealing temperature. No discernible differences were observed between the as-received state and after annealing at 473–773 K for 5 h, with a corresponding porosity range of 1–2%. The annealing at temperatures of 873–1373 K for 5 h resulted in the formation of large bubbles, with porosity increasing sharply above 873 K and reaching 30–60%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-564
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nuclear Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2023

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