Unraveling uranium induced oxidative stress related responses in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Part II: responses in the leaves and general conclusions

Nathalie Vanhoudt, Ann Cuypers, Nele Horemans, Tony Remans, Kelly Opdenakker, Karen Smeets, Daniel Martinez Bello, Michel Havaux, Jean Wannijn, May Van Hees, Jaco Vangronsveld, Hildegarde Vandenhove

    Research outputpeer-review


    Seventeen-day-old Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings, grown on a modified Hoagland solution under controlled conditions, were exposed to 0, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 µM uranium for 1, 3 and 7 days. As several responses were already visible following 1 day exposure, when uranium concentrations in the leaves were negligible, a root-to-shoot signaling system was suggested in which plastids could be important sensing sites. While lipid peroxidation, based on the amount of thiobarbituric acid reactive compounds, was observed after exposure to 100 µM uranium, affecting membrane structure and function, a transient concentration dependent response pattern was visible for lipoxygenase initiated lipid peroxidation. This transient character of uranium stress responses in leaves was emphasized by results of lipoxygenase (LOX2) and antioxidative enzyme transcript levels, enzyme capacities and glutathione concentrations both in time as with concentration. The ascorbate redox balance seemed an important modulator of uranium stress responses in the leaves as in addition to the previous transient responses, the total ascorbate concentration and ascorbate/dehydroascorbate redox balance increased in a concentration and time dependent manner. This could represent either a slow transient response or a stable increase with regard to plant acclimation to uranium stress.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)638-645
    JournalJournal of environmental radioactivity
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Mar 2011

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